Estimating the effects of teen motherhood in Chile: a family fixed effects approach

  • Matías Berthelon Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez, Escuela de Negocios
  • Diana Kruger Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez, Escuela de Negocios
  • Juan P. Eberhard Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez, Escuela de Negocios

Abstract

We study the effect of adolescent motherhood on education and labor outcomes among 20-24 year old women in Chile. We identify causal effects of motherhood with family fixed effects using a large data set covering the 1990-2011 period. Teen motherhood has negative effects on education and labor outcomes, and timing of motherhood matters: teen births reduce education outcomes, while young motherhood reduces labor force participation. Labor outcome effects are present among the non-poor, and effects changed between 1990 and 2011. Results highlight the important role of adolescent motherhood in women’s human capital accumulation and income inequality.
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How to Cite
Berthelon, M., Kruger, D., & Eberhard, J. (2017). Estimating the effects of teen motherhood in Chile: a family fixed effects approach. Estudios de Economía, 44(1), 5-32. Retrieved from http://www.estudiosdeeconomia.uchile.cl/index.php/EDE/article/view/45212/47274
Section
Articles
Published
2017-04-09